NCM services

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NCM contains services for internal file path and content management.

Location Resolver services

lr

This is "nn::lr::ILocationResolverManager".

Cmd Name Arguments Notes
0 OpenLocationResolver StorageID
1 OpenRegisteredLocationResolver None
2 RefreshLocationResolver StorageID
3 [2.0.0+] OpenAddOnContentLocationResolver None

The only sysmodules which use this service are FS, Loader, and NS. boot2 has access but doesn't use it.

ILocationResolver

This is "nn::lr::ILocationResolver".

Cmd Name Notes
0 #ResolveProgramPath
1 #RedirectProgramPath
2 #ResolveApplicationControlPath
3 #ResolveApplicationHtmlDocumentPath
4 #ResolveDataPath
5 #RedirectApplicationControlPath
6 #RedirectApplicationHtmlDocumentPath
7 #ResolveApplicationLegalInformationPath
8 #RedirectApplicationLegalInformationPath
9 #Refresh
10 [5.0.0+] #RedirectApplicationProgramPath
11 [5.0.0+] #ClearApplicationRedirection
12 [5.0.0+] #EraseProgramRedirection
13 [5.0.0+] #EraseApplicationControlRedirection
14 [5.0.0+] #EraseApplicationHtmlDocumentRedirection
15 [5.0.0+] #EraseApplicationLegalInformationRedirection
16 [7.0.0+] #ResolveProgramPathForDebug Unofficial name
17 [7.0.0+] #RedirectProgramPathForDebug Unofficial name
18 [7.0.0+] #RedirectApplicationProgramPathForDebug Unofficial name
19 [7.0.0+] #EraseProgramRedirectionForDebug Unofficial name

If the supplied StorageID is 1 (Host), a different set of internal functions is used to handle these commands. In this more restricted set of functions, GetControlNcaPath is stubbed and only returns error 0x608.

The Get* commands load the ContentPath from linked-lists' entries in memory using the input TitleID. When the command fails to find an entry for the specified TitleID, 0x408 is returned for GetProgramNcaPath and 0xA08 is returned for the rest.

The Set* commands always return 0 and add a new entry to the list. If a matching entry is found, it's removed first.

ResolveProgramPath

Takes an u64 TitleID and a C descriptor. Used for NCA-type1.

RedirectProgramPath

Takes an u64 TitleID and a X descriptor with a ContentPath. Used for NCA-type1.

Inserts a new entry with flag set to 0.

ResolveApplicationControlPath

Takes an u64 TitleID and a C descriptor. Used for NCA-type3.

ResolveApplicationHtmlDocumentPath

Takes an u64 TitleID and a C descriptor. Used for NCA-type4.

ResolveDataPath

Takes an u64 TitleID and a C descriptor. Used for NCA-type3.

RedirectApplicationControlPath

Takes an u64 TitleID and a X descriptor with a ContentPath. Used for NCA-type3.

[9.0.0+] Now takes an additional 8-bytes of input.

Inserts a new entry with flag set to 1.

RedirectApplicationHtmlDocumentPath

Takes an u64 TitleID and a X descriptor with a ContentPath. Used for NCA-type4.

[9.0.0+] Now takes an additional 8-bytes of input.

Inserts a new entry with flag set to 1.

ResolveApplicationLegalInformationPath

Takes an u64 TitleID and a C descriptor. Used for NCA-type5.

RedirectApplicationLegalInformationPath

Takes an u64 TitleID and a X descriptor with a ContentPath. Used for NCA-type5.

[9.0.0+] Now takes an additional 8-bytes of input.

Inserts a new entry with flag set to 1.

Refresh

Takes no input. Frees all linked-lists' entries that have flag set to 0.

RedirectApplicationProgramPath

Same as RedirectProgramPath, but inserts a new entry with flag set to 1.

[9.0.0+] Now takes an additional 8-bytes of input.

ClearApplicationRedirection

Takes no input. Frees all linked-lists' entries that have flag set to 1.

[9.0.0+] Now takes a type-0x5 input buffer, no output.

EraseProgramRedirection

Takes an u64 TitleID. Used for NCA-type1.

Removes the entry that matches the input TitleID.

EraseApplicationControlRedirection

Takes an u64 TitleID. Used for NCA-type3.

Removes the entry that matches the input TitleID.

EraseApplicationHtmlDocumentRedirection

Takes an u64 TitleID. Used for NCA-type4.

Removes the entry that matches the input TitleID.

EraseApplicationLegalInformationRedirection

Takes an u64 TitleID. Used for NCA-type5.

Removes the entry that matches the input TitleID.

ResolveProgramPathForDebug

Same as ResolveProgramPath, but uses a redirection shim on top of the real program path.

NS uses this command if ns.application!redirected_rom_storage_id_for_debug is different than 0x00.

RedirectProgramPathForDebug

Same as RedirectProgramPath, but uses a redirection shim on top of the real program path.

NS uses this command if ns.application!redirected_rom_storage_id_for_debug is different than 0x00.

RedirectApplicationProgramPathForDebug

Same as RedirectApplicationProgramPath , but uses a redirection shim on top of the real program path.

[9.0.0+] Like #RedirectApplicationProgramPath this now takes an additional 8-bytes of input.

NS uses this command if ns.application!redirected_rom_storage_id_for_debug is different than 0x00.

EraseProgramRedirectionForDebug

Same as EraseProgramRedirection , but uses a redirection shim on top of the real program path.

NS uses this command if ns.application!redirected_rom_storage_id_for_debug is different than 0x00.

IRegisteredLocationResolver

This is "nn::lr::IRegisteredLocationResolver".

This works like #ILocationResolver, but only two types of NCA paths can be gotten/set. In addition, each type has a fallback path that can be set for a single title ID at a time.

Cmd Name Arguments Notes
0 ResolveProgramPath u64 TitleID + C descriptor Used for NCA-type1.
1 RegisterProgramPath u64 TitleID + X descriptor ContentPath [9.0.0+] Now takes an additional 8-bytes of input. Sets the Type 0 fallback TID and path to the provided arguments.
2 UnregisterProgramPath u64 TitleID If the Type 0 fallback TID is == argument TID, unregisters the fallback path. Otherwise, noop.
3 RedirectProgramPath u64 TitleID + X descriptor ContentPath [9.0.0+] Now takes an additional 8-bytes of input.
4 [2.0.0+] ResolveHtmlDocumentPath u64 TitleID + C descriptor
5 [2.0.0+] RegisterHtmlDocumentPath u64 TitleID + X descriptor ContentPath [9.0.0+] Now takes an additional 8-bytes of input. Sets the Type 1 fallback TID and path to the provided arguments.
6 [2.0.0+] UnregisterHtmlDocumentPath u64 TitleID If the Type 1 fallback TID is == argument TID, unregisters the fallback path. Otherwise, noop.
7 [2.0.0+] RedirectHtmlDocumentPath u64 TitleID + X descriptor ContentPath [9.0.0+] Now takes an additional 8-bytes of input.
8 [7.0.0+] Refresh No input/output.
9 [9.0.0+] RefreshExcluding Type-5 buffer Unofficial name. Refreshes entries excluding those with application title ids contained in the buffer.

IAddOnContentLocationResolver

This is "nn::lr::IAddOnContentLocationResolver".

Cmd Name Arguments Notes
0 ResolveAddOnContentPath u64 TitleID + C descriptor
1 RegisterAddOnContentStorage StorageID + u64 TitleID [9.0.0+] Now takes an additional u64 TitleID for the owner application.
2 UnregisterAllAddOnContentPath None Clears all registered titles here.
3 [9.0.0+] #RefreshApplicationAddOnContent Type-5 buffer Unofficial name
4 [9.0.0+] #UnregisterApplicationAddOnContent u64 TitleID Unofficial name

RefreshApplicationAddOnContent

Takes an type-5 buffer containing application title ids. Unregisters entries with application ids absent from the input buffer.

UnregisterApplicationAddOnContent

Takes an u64 TitleID for the application to unregister add on content entries for.

Location List Entry

Total size is 0x320 bytes.

Offset Size Description
0x0 0x8 Pointer to previous entry
0x8 0x8 Pointer to next entry
0x10 0x8 TitleID
0x18 0x300 ContentPath
0x318 0x4 Flag
0x31C 0x4 Padding

Content Manager services

ncm

This is "nn::ncm::IContentManager".

Cmd Name Notes
0 CreateContentStorage Takes a StorageID.
1 CreateContentMetaDatabase Takes a StorageID.
2 VerifyContentStorage Takes a StorageID.
3 VerifyContentMetaDatabase Takes a StorageID.
4 OpenContentStorage Takes a StorageID, [2.0.0+] Only returns a storage if one has previously been opened globally via OpenIContentStorage.
5 OpenContentMetaDatabase Takes a StorageID, [2.0.0+] Only returns a storage if one has previously been opened globally via OpenIContentStorage.
6 [1.0.0] CloseContentStorageForcibly Takes a StorageID. Calls IContentStorage->CloseAndFlushStorage().
7 [1.0.0] CloseContentMetaDatabaseForcibly Takes a StorageID. Calls IContentMetaDatabase->CloseMetaDatabase().
8 CleanupContentMetaDatabase Takes a StorageID, and deletes the associated savedata.
9 [2.0.0+] ActivateContentStorage Takes a StorageID, and opens an IContentStorage for the StorageID to be gotten with GetIContentStorage. Note: Name is not official.
10 [2.0.0+] InactivateContentStorage Takes a StorageID, and closes the associated IContentStorage. Note: Name is not official.
11 [2.0.0+] ActivateContentMetaDatabase Takes a StorageID, and opens an IContentMetaDatabase for the StorageID to be gotten with GetIContentMetaDatabase. Note: Name is not official.
12 [2.0.0+] InactivateContentMetaDatabase Takes a StorageID, and closes the associated IContentMetaDatabase. Note: Name is not official.
13 [9.0.0+] InvalidateRightsIdCache

IContentStorage

This is "nn::ncm::IContentStorage".

Cmd Name Notes
0 #GeneratePlaceHolderId Returns a random UUID for the Content Storage.
1 CreatePlaceHolder Takes two #NcaIDs, and a u64 filesize.
2 DeletePlaceHolder Takes a #NcaID.
3 HasPlaceHolder Takes a #NcaID.
4 WritePlaceHolder Takes a #NcaID, a u64-offset, and type 5 buffer. Writes the buffer to the file for the NcaID's placeholder path at the specified offset.
5 Register Takes two #NcaIDs, moves the Placeholder NCA content to the registered NCA path.
6 Delete Takes a #NcaID.
7 Has Takes a #NcaID.
8 GetPath Takes a #NcaID. Returns a Content Path.
9 GetPlaceHolderPath Takes a #NcaID. Returns a Content Path.
10 CleanupAllPlaceHolder Deletes and re-creates the Placeholder directory.
11 ListPlaceHolder This is like #GetNumberOfRegisteredEntries, but for the Placeholder directory.
12 #GetContentCount
13 #ListContentId
14 #GetSizeFromContentId
15 DisableForcibly Closes/Flushes all resources for the storage, and causes all future IPC commands to the current session to return error 0xC805.
16 [2.0.0+] RevertToPlaceHolder Takes three 0x10-sized #NcaIDs. Creates the registered directory NCA path, and renames the placeholder path to the registered NCA path.
17 [2.0.0+] SetPlaceHolderSize Takes a #NcaID, and a u64 size
18 [2.0.0+] #ReadContentIdFile
19 [2.0.0+] #GetRightsIdFromPlaceHolderId
20 [2.0.0+] #GetRightsIdFromContentId
21 [2.0.0+] WriteContentForDebug Takes a #NcaID, a u64 offset, and a type 5 buffer. On debug units, writes the buffer to the NCA's registered path. On retail units, this just aborts.
22 [2.0.0+] GetFreeSpaceSize Gets free space for the storage.
23 [2.0.0+] GetTotalSpaceSize Gets total space for the storage.
24 [3.0.0+] FlushPlaceHolder Flushes resources for the storage without closing it.
25 [4.0.0+] GetSizeFromPlaceHolderId
26 [4.0.0+] RepairInvalidFileAttribute
27 [8.0.0+] GetRightsIdFromPlaceHolderIdWithCache

GeneratePlaceHolderId

Generates a random #NcaID for use as a placeholder.

Calls nn::util::GenerateUuid(), which internally calls nn::os::GenerateRandomBytes(16);

GetContentCount

Writes the total number of entries which can be read by GetEntries, to cmdreply <SFCO_offset>+0x10.

ListContentId

Takes an output buffer, u32 offset and gets all entries starting at that offset. Returns number of entries read.

Each entry is a #NcaID.

The total read entries is exactly the same as the number of "<hex>.nca" directories in the storage FS(or at least under the "registered" directory?).

GetSizeFromContentId

Takes a #NcaID as input.

Returns the total size readable by #ReadContentIdFile. This is the same as the size-field in the NAX0 "<NcaID>.nca/00" file.

ReadContentIdFile

Takes an output buffer, a #NcaID as input, and a u64 file offset.

Reads plaintext NCA file contents from the Registered path for the NcaID.

GetRightsIdFromPlaceHolderId

Takes a total of 0x10-bytes of input, returns a total of 0x10-bytes of output.

[3.0.0+] Returns an additional 8-bytes of output.

Gets the Rights ID for the #NcaID's placeholder path.

GetRightsIdFromContentId

Takes a total of 0x10-bytes of input, returns a total of 0x10-bytes of output.

[3.0.0+] Returns an additional 8-bytes of output.

Gets the Rights ID for the #NcaID's registered path

IContentMetaDatabase

This is "nn::ncm::IContentMetaDatabase".

Cmd Name Notes
0 Set Takes a Content Meta Key, a type-5 Content Records buffer and a u64 size.
1 Get Takes a Content Meta Key, a type-6 buffer to write Content Records to and a u64 size. Returns the actual number of bytes read into the buffer. First 8 bytes of the data is header (u16 numExtraDataBytes, numContentRecords, numMetaRecords, padding). After the header is numExtraDataBytes of additional data, after which follow content records and content meta keys. Set takes this same data as input.
2 Remove Takes a Content Meta Key, and removes the associated record.
3 GetContentIdByType Takes a Content Meta Key and a u8 Content Meta Type. Returns a #NcaID.
4 ListContentInfo Takes a type-6 buffer to write Content Record entries to, a Content Meta Key, and a u32 index into the Content Record entries to start copying from. Returns a u32 entries_read.
5 List Takes a type-6 buffer to write Content Meta Keys to, a u32 Content Meta Type, a u64 TID, a u64 TID_LOW, and u64 TID_HIGH. Writes into the buffer all Content Meta Keys with low <= record->title_id <= high, and record->type == type. Returns u32 numEntriesTotal, numEntriesWritten. Additionally requires record->title_id == TID, if record->type is Application, Patch, Add-On, or Delta, otherwise, you can pass 0 for type to ignore the type and list them all in the range.
6 GetLatestContentMetaKey Takes a u64 title id, and returns the Content Meta Key with the highest version field for that title id.
7 #ListApplication
8 Has Takes a Content Meta Key and returns whether that record is present in the database.
9 HasAll Takes a type-5 buffer containing Content Meta Key (code assumes there are size/sizeof(meta_record) records in the buffer), and returns whether all of those records are present in the database.
10 GetSize Takes a Content Meta Key, and returns the size of the associated Content Records.
11 GetRequiredSystemVersion Takes a Content Meta Key, and returns u32 from ContentRecords + 16 (only if the content meta key has type Application or Patch).
12 GetPatchId Takes a Content Meta Key, and returns the update title id for that record.
13 DisableForcibly Closes the meta database, and causes all future IPC commands to the current session to return error 0xDC05.
14 #LookupOrphanContent Takes a type-6 byte buffer, and a type-5 buffer of #NcaIDs.
15 Commit Flushes the in-memory database to savedata.
16 HasContent Takes a Content Meta Key and an #NcaID. Returns whether the content records for that content meta key contain the NcaID.
17 ListContentMetaInfo Takes a type-6 Content Meta Key output buffer, a u32 offset into that buffer, and an input Content Meta Key.
18 GetAttributes Takes a Content Meta Key, and returns u8 from ContentRecords + 6.
19 [2.0.0+] GetRequiredApplicationVersion Does the same thing as GetEntryUnknownRecordSize, but for AddOnContents.
20 [5.0.0+] GetContentIdByTypeAndIdOffset

ListApplication

Each 24-byte entry (officially "ApplicationContentMetaKey") is as follows:

 meta_record meta_record;
 u64    base_title_id;

This function takes in a type 6 buffer to write entries to, and a u8 "filter" type. If filter is zero, all update records will be copied to to the output buffer (space permitting). Otherwise, only titles with type == filter_type will be copied to the output buffer.

This func returns a u32 num_entries_total, and a u32 num_entries_written.

ReadEntryMetaRecords

Takes a type-6 Content Meta Key output buffer, a u32 offset into that buffer, and an input Content Meta Key entry. Returns a u32 for total_read_entries.

Reads the content meta keys stored in the entry's content records into the output buffer.

This is used, for example, with System Update title 0100000000000816, which contains content meta keys for all other systitles in its Content Records.

LookupOrphanContent

Takes a type-6 byte buffer, and a type-5 buffer containing #NcaIDs.

This function was stubbed to return 0xDC05 in 2.0.0.

On 1.0.0: Initialized the output buffer to all 1s. Then, for each #NcaID in the input buffer, it checks if that NcaID is present anywhere in the database, and if so writes 0 to the corresponding output byte.

In pseudocode, the function basically does the following:

for i in range(len(out_buf)):

   out_buf[i] = 1

for i, NcaID in NcaIDs:

   if is_present_in_database(NcaID):
       out_buf[i] = 0

NcaID

This is a 0x10-byte entry. This is originally from the hex portion of "<hex>.nca" directory-names from this storage FS(like SD). This is also referred to as "ContentId" in the official SDK.

The NcaID is the same as the first 0x10-bytes from the calculated SHA256 hash, from hashing the entire output from #ReadContentIdFile.

ContentInstallType

This is "nn::ncm::ContentInstallType"

Value Description
0x0 Full
0x1 FragmentOnly
0x7 Unknown (Invalid Content Install Type)

ContentMetaType

This is "nn::ncm::ContentMetaType"

Value Description
0x00 Unknown (Invalid Content Meta Type)
0x01 SystemProgram (System Modules or System Applets)
0x02 SystemData (System Data Archives)
0x03 SystemUpdate
0x04 BootImagePackage (Firmware package A or C)
0x05 BootImagePackageSafe (Firmware package B or D)
0x80 Application
0x81 Patch
0x82 AddOnContent
0x83 Delta

ContentMetaKey

This is "nn::ncm::ContentMetaKey"

Offset Size Description
0x0 0x8 Title id
0x8 0x4 Version
0xC 0x1 Content Meta Type
0xD 0x1 Content Install Type
0xE 0x2 Padding

ncm:v

This service doesn't normally exist on retail.