Difference between revisions of "SMC"

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'''nx-abca2''' ('''Icosa''' or '''Hoag''' in '''Erista''', '''Iowa''' or '''Hoag''' in '''Mariko''') hardware types are variations of the retail and EDEV form factors.
+
'''nx-abca2''' ('''Icosa''' in '''Erista''', '''Iowa''' in '''Mariko''') hardware types are variations of the retail and EDEV form factors.
  
 
'''nx-abcb''' ('''Copper''') is the SDEV unit. Among other differences, this has extra hardware to support HDMI output.
 
'''nx-abcb''' ('''Copper''') is the SDEV unit. Among other differences, this has extra hardware to support HDMI output.
  
[8.0.0+] '''nx-abcc''' was added for '''Mariko'''.
+
[8.0.0+] '''nx-abcc''' ('''Hoag''') was added for '''Mariko'''.
  
 
'''Erista''' memory is LPDDR4, while '''Mariko''' memory is LPDDR4X.
 
'''Erista''' memory is LPDDR4, while '''Mariko''' memory is LPDDR4X.
Line 612: Line 612:
  
 
==== HardwareType ====
 
==== HardwareType ====
[1.0.0+] This item is obtained by checking bits 8 and 2 from [[Fuse_registers#FUSE_RESERVED_ODM4|FUSE_RESERVED_ODM4]]. It can be 0 (Icosa), 1 (Copper), 2 (Hoag) or 3 (Invalid).
+
[1.0.0+] This item is obtained by checking bits 8 and 2 from [[Fuse_registers#FUSE_RESERVED_ODM4|FUSE_RESERVED_ODM4]]. It can be:
 +
* 0 ('''Icosa'''; Erista retail and EDEV), if development flag (bit 8) is '''Retail''' and production flag (bit 2) is '''Production'''.
 +
* 1 ('''Copper'''; Erista SDEV), if development flag (bit 8) is '''Development''' and production flag (bit 2) is '''Prototype'''.
 +
* 3 (Invalid).
  
[4.0.0+] This item is obtained by checking bits 8, 2 and 16-19 from [[Fuse_registers#FUSE_RESERVED_ODM4|FUSE_RESERVED_ODM4]]. It can be 0 (Icosa), 1 (Copper), 2 (Hoag), 3 (Iowa) or 4 (Invalid).
+
Value 2 is reserved and considered invalid.
  
[7.0.0+] This item no longer depends on fuses and can only be 0 (Icosa) or 0xF (Invalid) in retail units.
+
[4.0.0+] This item is obtained by checking bits 8, 2 and 16-19 from [[Fuse_registers#FUSE_RESERVED_ODM4|FUSE_RESERVED_ODM4]]. It can be:
 +
* 0 ('''Icosa'''; Erista retail and EDEV), if development flag (bit 8) is '''Retail''' and production flag (bit 2) is '''Production'''.
 +
* 1 ('''Copper'''; Erista SDEV), if development flag (bit 8) is '''Development''' and production flag (bit 2) is '''Prototype'''.
 +
* 3 ('''Iowa'''; Mariko retail and EDEV), if new hardware type (bits 16-19) is '''Iowa'''.
 +
* 4 (Invalid).
  
[8.0.0+] This item can be 0 (Icosa), 1 (Copper), 2 (Hoag), 3 (Iowa), 4 (Calcio) or 5 (Invalid). It still can only be 0 (Icosa) or 0xF (Invalid) in retail units.
+
Value 2 is reserved and considered invalid.
 +
 
 +
[7.0.0+] This item can be obtained by checking bits 8, 2 and 16-19 from [[Fuse_registers#FUSE_RESERVED_ODM4|FUSE_RESERVED_ODM4]], but is now only 0 (Icosa) or 0xF (Invalid) in retail units.
 +
 
 +
[8.0.0+] This item can be obtained by checking bits 8, 2 and 16-19 from [[Fuse_registers#FUSE_RESERVED_ODM4|FUSE_RESERVED_ODM4]]. It can be:
 +
* 0 ('''Icosa'''; Erista retail and EDEV), if development flag (bit 8) is '''Retail''' and production flag (bit 2) is '''Production'''.
 +
* 1 ('''Copper'''; Erista SDEV), if development flag (bit 8) is '''Development''' and production flag (bit 2) is '''Prototype'''.
 +
* 2 ('''Hoag'''; Mariko Lite retail and HDEV), if new hardware type (bits 16-19) is '''Hoag'''.
 +
* 3 ('''Iowa'''; Mariko retail and EDEV), if new hardware type (bits 16-19) is '''Iowa'''.
 +
* 4 ('''Calcio''').
 +
* 5 (Invalid).
 +
 
 +
It is still only 0 (Icosa) or 0xF (Invalid) in retail units.
  
 
==== IsRetail ====
 
==== IsRetail ====

Latest revision as of 18:43, 7 October 2019

Secure Monitor Calls

The secure monitor provides two top level handlers of which each provides a range of sub handlers.

Secure Monitor Calls follow the ARM SMC calling convention up to a small change:

Bit number Bit mask Description
31 0x80000000 Set to 0 means Yielding Call; Set to 1 means Fast Call.
30 0x40000000 Set to 0 means SMC32 convention; Set to 1 means SMC64.
29-24 0x3F000000 Service Call ranges.
23-16 0x00FF0000 Must be zero.
15-8 0x0000FF00 Argument type. This is different from the ARM SMC calling convention.
7-0 0x000000FF Function number within the range call type.

If bit n is set in the argument type then parameter Xn is treated as a pointer and the kernel will setup address translation for it in svcCallSecureMonitor.

SMC arguments are passed using registers X0-X7 with X0 always sending the call sub-id and returning the result of the call.

ID 0

Functions exposed to user-mode processes using svcCallSecureMonitor. SMCs should be called from CPUID 3 (where SPL runs).

Sub-ID Name In Out
0xC3000401 SetConfig
0xC3000002 GetConfig (Same as ID 1, Sub-ID 4)
0xC3000003 GetResult
0xC3000404 GetResultData
0xC3000E05 ExpMod
0xC3000006 GenerateRandomBytes (Same as ID 1, Sub-ID 5)
0xC3000007 #GenerateAesKek
0xC3000008 #LoadAesKey
0xC3000009 #ComputeAes
0xC300000A #GenerateSpecificAesKey
0xC300040B #ComputeCmac
[1.0.0-4.1.0] 0xC300100C #ImportEsKey
[5.0.0+] 0xC300D60C #ReEncryptRsaPrivateKey
[1.0.0-4.1.0] 0xC300100D #DecryptRsaPrivateKey
[5.0.0+] 0xC300100D #DecryptOrImportRsaPrivateKey
[1.0.0-4.1.0] 0xC300100E #ImportLotusKey
0xC300060F #StorageExpMod
0xC3000610 #UnwrapTitleKey
0xC3000011 #LoadTitleKey
0xC3000012 [2.0.0+] #UnwrapCommonTitleKey

The overall concept here is the following:

  • All key material (AES and RSA) is stored in userspace, but it's encrypted with random AES kek's ("key encryption keys").
  • Each kek is generated as a function of an access key (picked at random).
  • The kek is generated differently depending on the #CryptoUsecase the key is used for.
    • This means: Each key is "locked" to the #CryptoUsecase it was designated for.
    • You can use a key for a different usecase, but you will only get garbage output.
  • After the kek has been generated, it is wrapped with a session-specific key and given back to userspace.
    • This means: Plaintext kek keys never leave TrustZone.
    • Further, this means: Actual AES/RSA keys never leave TrustZone.

GenerateAesKek

Takes an "access key" as input, an #enum_CryptoUsecase.

Returns a session-unique kek for said usecase.

LoadAesKey

Takes a session kek created with #GenerateAesKek, and a wrapped AES key.

The session kek must have been created with CryptoUsecase_Aes.

ComputeAes

Encrypts/decrypts using AES (CTR and CBC). Takes an #enum_CipherMode.

Key must be set prior using one of the #LoadAesKey or #GenerateSpecificAesKey commands.

GenerateSpecificAesKey

Takes a wrapped AES key and decrypts it using static data.

ComputeCmac

Calculates CMAC over input data.

ImportEsKey

Takes a session kek created with #GenerateAesKek, a wrapped AES key, and a wrapped RSA private key.

The session kek must have been created with CryptoUsecase_TitleKey.

[5.0.0] This function was removed and replaced with #ReEncryptRsaPrivateKey.

ReEncryptRsaPrivateKey

Takes in two session keks created with #GenerateAesKek, two wrapped AES keys, an enum member, and a wrapped RSA private key.

Decrypts and validates the wrapped RSA private key with the first kek/wrapped key, and re-encrypts it with the second if valid.

The re-encrypted key is then passed to the user, for use with #DecryptOrImportRsaPrivateKey.

DecryptRsaPrivateKey

Takes a session kek created with #GenerateAesKek, a wrapped AES key, an enum member, and a wrapped RSA private key.

The session kek must have been created with CryptoUsecase_RsaPrivate.

[4.0.0+] The SMC handler when certain conditions pass and SMC_ID==0xC300100D now returns error 0x6 instead of calling the handler funcptr.

[5.0.0+] This function was replaced by #DecryptOrImportRsaPrivateKey.

DecryptOrImportRsaPrivateKey

This function replaced #DecryptRsaPrivateKey in 5.0.0, adding an additional #enum_DecryptOrImportMode.

This SMC extends DecryptRsaPrivateKey's original functionality to enable importing private keys into the security engine instead of decrypting them, when certain enum members are passed.

ImportLotusKey

Takes a session kek created with #GenerateAesKek, and a wrapped RSA key.

The session kek must have been created with CryptoUsecase_RsaSecureExpMod.

[5.0.0] This function was removed.

SecureExpMod

Performs an ExpMod operation using an exponent previously loaded with the #ImportLotusKey command.

[5.0.0+] This now uses any exponent previously loaded with #DecryptOrImportRsaPrivateKey and takes an #enum_SecureExpModMode.

UnwrapTitleKey

Takes an Rsa-Oaep-wrapped TitleKey, an RSA Public Key, and a label hash.

Performs an ExpMod operation using an exponent previously loaded with the #ImportEsKey command, and then validates/extracts a Titlekey from the resulting message.

Returns a session-unique AES key especially for use in #LoadTitleKey.

[5.0.0+] This now uses any exponent previously loaded with #DecryptOrImportRsaPrivateKey.

LoadTitleKey

Takes a session-unique AES key from #UnwrapCommonTitleKey or #UnwrapTitleKey.

UnwrapCommonTitleKey

Takes an AES-wrapped TitleKey and returns a sealed AES key.

enum CryptoUsecase

Value Name
0 CryptoUsecase_Aes
1 CryptoUsecase_RsaPrivate
2 CryptoUsecase_RsaSecureExpMod
3 CryptoUsecase_TitleKey

Note: The CryptoUsecase_TitleKey represents a RSA wrapped AES key.

enum CipherMode

Value Name
0 CipherMode_CbcEncrypt
1 CipherMode_CbcDecrypt
2 CipherMode_Ctr

enum DecryptOrImportMode

Value Name
0 DecryptOrImportMode_DecryptRsaPrivateKey
1 DecryptOrImportMode_ImportLotusKey
2 DecryptOrImportMode_ImportEsKey
3 DecryptOrImportMode_ImportSslKey
4 DecryptOrImportMode_ImportDrmKey

enum SecureExpModMode

Value Name
0 SecureExpModMode_Lotus
1 SecureExpModMode_Ssl
2 SecureExpModMode_Drm

ID 1

Functions exposed to the kernel internally.

Sub-ID Name In Out
0xC4000001 #CpuSuspend X1=power_state, X2=entrypoint_addr, X3=context_id None
0x84000002 #CpuOff None None
0xC4000003 #CpuOn X1=target_cpu, X2=entrypoint_addr, X3=context_id, X4,X5,X6,X7=0 X0=result
0xC3000004 #GetConfig (Same as ID 0, Sub-ID 2) W1=config_item, X2,X3,X4,X5,X6,X7=0 X0=result, X1,X2,X3,X4=config_val
0xC3000005 #GenerateRandomBytes (Same as ID 0, Sub-ID 6) X1=size, X2,X3,X4,X5,X6,X7=0 X0=result, X1,X2,X3,X4,X5,X6,X7=rand_bytes
0xC3000006 #Panic W1=panic_color, X2,X3,X4,X5,X6,X7=0 X0=result
0xC3000007 [2.0.0+] #ConfigureCarveout X1=carveout_index, X2=region_phys_addr, X3=region_size, X4,X5,X6,X7=0 X0=result
0xC3000008 [2.0.0+] #ReadWriteRegister X1=reg_addr, W2=rw_mask, W3=in_val, X4,X5,X6,X7=0 X0=result, W1=out_val

CpuSuspend

Standard ARM PCSI SMC. Suspends the CPU (CPU0).

The kernel calls this SMC on shutdown with power_state set to 0x0201001B (power level: 0x02==system; power type: 0x01==powerdown; ID: 0x1B).

CpuOff

Standard ARM PCSI SMC. Turns off the CPU (CPU1, CPU2 or CPU3).

CpuOn

Standard ARM PCSI SMC. Turns on the CPU (CPU1, CPU2 or CPU3).

GetConfig

Takes a config_item and returns an associated config_val.

ConfigItem Name
1 #DisableProgramVerification
2 #DramId
3 #SecurityEngineIrqNumber
4 #Version
5 #HardwareType
6 #IsRetail
7 #IsRecoveryBoot
8 #DeviceId
9 [1.0.0-4.0.0] #BootReason
10 #MemoryArrange
11 #IsDebugMode
12 #KernelConfiguration
13 #IsChargerHiZModeEnabled
14 [4.0.0+] #IsKiosk
15 [5.0.0+] #RegulatorType
16 [5.0.0+] #KeyGeneration
17 [5.0.0+] #Package2Hash

DisableProgramVerification

PM checks this item and if non-zero, calls fsp-pr SetEnabledProgramVerification(false).

DramId

This is extracted directly from FUSE_RESERVED_ODM4.

Value Description
0 DramId_EristaIcosaSamsung4gb
1 DramId_EristaIcosaHynix4gb
2 DramId_EristaIcosaMicron4gb
3 Reserved
4 DramId_EristaIcosaSamsung6gb
5 [4.0.0+] Reserved
6 [4.0.0+] Reserved
7 [5.0.0+] DramId_MarikoIowax1x2Samsung4gb ([4.0.0-4.1.0] Reserved)
8 [5.0.0+] DramId_MarikoIowaSamsung4gb
9 [5.0.0+] DramId_MarikoIowaSamsung8gb
10 [6.0.0+] DramId_MarikoIowaHynix4gb ([5.0.0-5.1.0] Reserved)
11 [7.0.0+] DramId_MarikoIowaMicron4gb ([5.0.0-6.2.0] Reserved)
12 [5.0.0+] DramId_MarikoHoagSamsung4gb
13 [5.0.0+] DramId_MarikoHoagSamsung8gb
14 [7.0.0+] DramId_MarikoHoagHynix4gb ([5.0.0-6.2.0] Reserved)
15 [7.0.0+] DramId_MarikoHoagMicron4gb ([5.0.0-6.2.0] Reserved)
16 [8.0.0+] DramId_MarikoIowaSamsung4gbY
17 [9.0.0+] DramId_MarikoIowaSamsung1y4gbX
18 [9.0.0+] DramId_MarikoIowaSamsung1y8gbX
19 [9.0.0+] DramId_MarikoHoagSamsung1y4gbX
20 [9.0.0+] DramId_MarikoIowaSamsung1y4gbY
21 [9.0.0+] DramId_MarikoIowaSamsung1y8gbY
22 [9.0.0+] DramId_MarikoIowaSamsung1y4gbA

PCV selects memory training tables based on DramId.

SoC Platform DramId Revision DVFS version
T210 jetson-tx1 N/A 0x07
11_40800_01_V9.8.3_V1.6
11_68000_01_V9.8.3_V1.6
11_102000_01_V9.8.3_V1.6
11_204000_05_V9.8.3_V1.6
11_408000_02_V9.8.3_V1.6
11_665600_03_V9.8.3_V1.6
11_800000_01_V9.8.3_V1.6
11_1065600_01_V9.8.3_V1.6
11_1331200_01_V9.8.3_V1.6
11_1600000_02_V9.8.3_V1.6
T210 nx-abcb EristaIcosaSamsung4gb 0x07
10_40800_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.7_V1.6
10_68000_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.7_V1.6
10_102000_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.7_V1.6
10_204000_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.7_V1.6
10_408000_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.7_V1.6
10_665600_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.7_V1.6
10_800000_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.7_V1.6
10_1065600_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.7_V1.6
10_1331200_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.7_V1.6
10_1600000_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.7_V1.6
T210 nx-abcb EristaIcosaMicron4gb 0x07
10_40800_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.4_V1.6
10_68000_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.4_V1.6
10_102000_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.4_V1.6
10_204000_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.4_V1.6
10_408000_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.4_V1.6
10_665600_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.4_V1.6
10_800000_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.4_V1.6
10_1065600_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.4_V1.6
10_1331200_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.4_V1.6
10_1600000_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.4_V1.6
T210 nx-abcb EristaIcosaHynix4gb 0x07
10_40800_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.4_V1.6
10_68000_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.4_V1.6
10_102000_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.4_V1.6
10_204000_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.4_V1.6
10_408000_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.4_V1.6
10_665600_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.4_V1.6
10_800000_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.4_V1.6
10_1065600_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.4_V1.6
10_1331200_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.4_V1.6
10_1600000_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.4_V1.6
T210 nx-abca2 EristaIcosaSamsung4gb, EristaIcosaMicron4gb 0x07
10_40800_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.7_V1.6
10_68000_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.7_V1.6
10_102000_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.7_V1.6
10_204000_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.7_V1.6
10_408000_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.7_V1.6
10_665600_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.7_V1.6
10_800000_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.7_V1.6
10_1065600_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.7_V1.6
10_1331200_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.7_V1.6
10_1600000_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.7_V1.6
T210 nx-abca2 EristaIcosaHynix4gb 0x07
10_40800_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.7_V1.6
10_68000_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.7_V1.6
10_102000_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.7_V1.6
10_204000_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.7_V1.6
10_408000_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.7_V1.6
10_665600_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.7_V1.6
10_800000_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.7_V1.6
10_1065600_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.7_V1.6
10_1331200_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.7_V1.6
10_1600000_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.7_V1.6
T210 nx-abca2 EristaIcosaSamsung6gb 0x07
10_40800_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.7_V1.6
10_68000_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.7_V1.6
10_102000_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.7_V1.6
10_204000_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.7_V1.6
10_408000_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.7_V1.6
10_665600_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.7_V1.6
10_800000_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.7_V1.6
10_1065600_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.7_V1.6
10_1331200_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.7_V1.6
10_1600000_NoCfgVersion_V9.8.7_V1.6
T214 nx-abca2, nx-abcb, nx-abcc MarikoIowax1x2Samsung4gb 0x03
01_204000_NoCfgVersion_V0.3.1_V2.0
01_1331200.0_NoCfgVersion_V0.3.1_V2.0
01_1600000_NoCfgVersion_V0.3.1_V2.0
T214 nx-abca2, nx-abcb, nx-abcc MarikoIowaSamsung4gb, MarikoHoagSamsung4gb 0x03
01_204000_NoCfgVersion_V0.3.1_V2.0
01_1331200.0_NoCfgVersion_V0.3.1_V2.0
01_1600000_NoCfgVersion_V0.3.1_V2.0
T214 nx-abca2, nx-abcb, nx-abcc MarikoIowaSamsung8gb, MarikoHoagSamsung8gb 0x03
01_204000_NoCfgVersion_V0.4.2_V2.0
01_1331200.0_NoCfgVersion_V0.4.2_V2.0
01_1600000_NoCfgVersion_V0.4.2_V2.0
T214 nx-abca2, nx-abcb, nx-abcc MarikoIowaHynix4gb, MarikoHoagHynix4gb 0x03
01_204000_NoCfgVersion_V0.3.1_V2.0
01_1331200.0_NoCfgVersion_V0.3.1_V2.0
01_1600000_NoCfgVersion_V0.3.1_V2.0
T214 nx-abca2, nx-abcb, nx-abcc MarikoIowaMicron4gb, MarikoHoagMicron4gb 0x03
01_204000_NoCfgVersion_V0.4.2_V2.0
01_1331200.0_NoCfgVersion_V0.4.2_V2.0
01_1600000_NoCfgVersion_V0.4.2_V2.0
T214 nx-abca2, nx-abcb, nx-abcc DramId_MarikoIowaSamsung4gbY 0x03
01_204000_NoCfgVersion_V0.4.2_V2.0
01_1331200.0_NoCfgVersion_V0.4.2_V2.0
01_1600000_NoCfgVersion_V0.4.2_V2.0
T214 nx-abca2, nx-abcb, nx-abcc DramId_MarikoIowaSamsung1y4gbX 0x03
01_204000_NoCfgVersion_V0.4.2_V2.0
01_1331200.0_NoCfgVersion_V0.4.2_V2.0
01_1600000_NoCfgVersion_V0.4.2_V2.0
T214 nx-abca2, nx-abcb, nx-abcc DramId_MarikoIowaSamsung1y8gbX 0x03
01_204000_NoCfgVersion_V0.4.2_V2.0
01_1331200.0_NoCfgVersion_V0.4.2_V2.0
01_1600000_NoCfgVersion_V0.4.2_V2.0
T214 nx-abca2, nx-abcb, nx-abcc DramId_MarikoHoagSamsung1y4gbX 0x03
01_204000_NoCfgVersion_V0.4.2_V2.0
01_1331200.0_NoCfgVersion_V0.4.2_V2.0
01_1600000_NoCfgVersion_V0.4.2_V2.0
T214 nx-abca2, nx-abcb, nx-abcc DramId_MarikoIowaSamsung1y4gbY 0x03
01_204000_NoCfgVersion_V0.4.2_V2.0
01_1331200.0_NoCfgVersion_V0.4.2_V2.0
01_1600000_NoCfgVersion_V0.4.2_V2.0
T214 nx-abca2, nx-abcb, nx-abcc DramId_MarikoIowaSamsung1y8gbY 0x03
01_204000_NoCfgVersion_V0.4.2_V2.0
01_1331200.0_NoCfgVersion_V0.4.2_V2.0
01_1600000_NoCfgVersion_V0.4.2_V2.0
T214 nx-abca2, nx-abcb, nx-abcc DramId_MarikoIowaSamsung1y4gbA 0x03
01_204000_NoCfgVersion_V0.4.5_V2.0
01_1331200.0_NoCfgVersion_V0.4.5_V2.0
01_1600000_NoCfgVersion_V0.4.5_V2.0

nx-abca2 (Icosa in Erista, Iowa in Mariko) hardware types are variations of the retail and EDEV form factors.

nx-abcb (Copper) is the SDEV unit. Among other differences, this has extra hardware to support HDMI output.

[8.0.0+] nx-abcc (Hoag) was added for Mariko.

Erista memory is LPDDR4, while Mariko memory is LPDDR4X.

SecurityEngineIrqNumber

SPL uses this for setting up the security engine IRQ.

Version

The current Package1 Maxver Constant - 1.

HardwareType

[1.0.0+] This item is obtained by checking bits 8 and 2 from FUSE_RESERVED_ODM4. It can be:

  • 0 (Icosa; Erista retail and EDEV), if development flag (bit 8) is Retail and production flag (bit 2) is Production.
  • 1 (Copper; Erista SDEV), if development flag (bit 8) is Development and production flag (bit 2) is Prototype.
  • 3 (Invalid).

Value 2 is reserved and considered invalid.

[4.0.0+] This item is obtained by checking bits 8, 2 and 16-19 from FUSE_RESERVED_ODM4. It can be:

  • 0 (Icosa; Erista retail and EDEV), if development flag (bit 8) is Retail and production flag (bit 2) is Production.
  • 1 (Copper; Erista SDEV), if development flag (bit 8) is Development and production flag (bit 2) is Prototype.
  • 3 (Iowa; Mariko retail and EDEV), if new hardware type (bits 16-19) is Iowa.
  • 4 (Invalid).

Value 2 is reserved and considered invalid.

[7.0.0+] This item can be obtained by checking bits 8, 2 and 16-19 from FUSE_RESERVED_ODM4, but is now only 0 (Icosa) or 0xF (Invalid) in retail units.

[8.0.0+] This item can be obtained by checking bits 8, 2 and 16-19 from FUSE_RESERVED_ODM4. It can be:

  • 0 (Icosa; Erista retail and EDEV), if development flag (bit 8) is Retail and production flag (bit 2) is Production.
  • 1 (Copper; Erista SDEV), if development flag (bit 8) is Development and production flag (bit 2) is Prototype.
  • 2 (Hoag; Mariko Lite retail and HDEV), if new hardware type (bits 16-19) is Hoag.
  • 3 (Iowa; Mariko retail and EDEV), if new hardware type (bits 16-19) is Iowa.
  • 4 (Calcio).
  • 5 (Invalid).

It is still only 0 (Icosa) or 0xF (Invalid) in retail units.

IsRetail

This item is obtained by checking bits 9 and 0-1 from FUSE_RESERVED_ODM4. It can be 0 (Debug), 1 (Retail) or 2 (Invalid).

IsRecoveryBoot

Used to determine if the system is booting from SafeMode firmware.

Under normal circumstances, this just returns bit 0 of the active bootloader info's attribute field.

DeviceId

NIM checks if this item matches the set:cal DeviceId with byte7 cleared. If they don't match, a panic is thrown.

BootReason

Used to determine how the system booted.

Value Description
0 Invalid
1 AcOk
2 OnKey
3 RtcAlarm1
4 RtcAlarm2

MemoryArrange

PM uses this item for selecting the appropriate size for each LimitableResource_Memory.

IsDebugMode

Kernel uses this to determine behavior of svcBreak positive arguments. It will break instead of just force-exiting the process which is what happens on retail.

[2.0.0+] This is also used with certain debug SVCs.

[3.0.0+] RO checks this and if set then skipping NRR rsa signatures is allowed.

The value of this field is loaded from BootConfig unsigned-config+0x10 u8 bit1.

KernelConfiguration

Kernel reads this when setting up memory-related code.

Bit 0 is a boolean determining whether kernel should it will memset various allocated memory-regions with 0x58, 0x59, 0x5A ('X', 'Y', 'Z') instead of zero. This allows Nintendo devs to find uninitialized memory bugs.

Bit 1 is a boolean determining whether kernel should forcefully enable usermode exception handlers (when false, only certain aborts (((1LL << (esr >> 26)) & 0x1115804400224001) == 0, typically data/prefetch aborts) that occur when the faulting address is in a readable region with MemoryType_CodeStatic will trigger usermode exception handlers).

Bit 2 is a boolean determining whether kernel should enable usermode access to the Performance Monitors (whether PMUSERENR_EL0 should be 1 or 0).

[8.0.0+] Bit 3 is a boolean determining whether the kernldr should allocate 0x68000 extra bytes before INI1 data

Bits 8-15 are a boolean determining whether kernel should call smcPanic on error instead of infinite-looping.

Bits 16-17 determine how much memory is available. 00/03 = 4 GB, 01 = 6 GB, 02 = 8 GB.

IsChargerHiZModeEnabled

This tells if the TI Charger (bq24192) is active.

KeyGeneration

This item is obtained from FUSE_RESERVED_ODM2 if bit 11 from FUSE_RESERVED_ODM4 is set, FUSE_RESERVED_ODM0 matches 0x8E61ECAE and FUSE_RESERVED_ODM1 matches 0xF2BA3BB2.

[5.0.0+] FS can now use this value for the KeyGeneration parameter when calling GenerateAesKek during "GetBisEncryptionKey".

IsKiosk

This item is bit 10 from FUSE_RESERVED_ODM4.

[4.0.0+] Settings uses this value to overwrite the quest flag from GetQuestFlag. This is used to detect if a Switch is a kiosk unit for display at retail stores.

RegulatorType

This item is currently hardcoded to 0.

[5.0.0+] PCV uses this value in combination with HardwareType to configure power blocks and memory tables for different hardware.

Value SoC GPU Power Blocks
0 T210 GM20B (0x12B) max77620_sd0, max77621_cpu and max77621_gpu
1 T214 GM20B_B (0x12E) max77620_sd0, max77812_cpu and max77812_gpu
2 T214 GM20B_B (0x12E) max77620_sd0, max77812_cpu and max77812_gpu

Package2Hash

This is a SHA-256 hash calculated over the package2 image. Since the hash calculation is an optional step in pkg2ldr, this item is only valid in recovery mode. Otherwise, an error is returned instead.

GenerateRandomBytes

Takes a size and returns rand_bytes.

The kernel limits size to 0x38 (for fitting in return registers).

Panic

Issues a system panic.

The kernel always calls this with panic_color set to 0xF00.

ConfigureCarveout

Configures memory controller carveout regions.

If carveout_index is 0, region_phys_addr and region_size are used to configure MC_SECURITY_CARVEOUT4. If carveout_index is 1, region_phys_addr and region_size are used to configure MC_SECURITY_CARVEOUT5. Any other carveout_index values are invalid.

The kernel calls this with carveout_index set to 0, region_phys_addr set to 0x80060000 and region_size set to a dynamically calculated size which covers all the kernel and built-in sysmodules' DRAM regions.

ReadWriteRegister

Relays svcReadWriteRegister to the Secure Monitor.

Errors

Value Description
0 Success
1 Not implemented
2 Invalid argument
3 In progress
4 No async operation
5 Invalid async operation
[8.0.0+] 6 Blacklisted