NCM services

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NCM contains services for internal file path and content management.

Location Resolver services

lr

This is "nn::lr::ILocationResolverManager".

Cmd Name Arguments Notes
0 GetLocationResolver StorageID
1 GetRegisteredLocationResolver None
2 CheckStorage StorageID
3 GetAddOnContentLocationResolver None

The only sysmodules which use this service are FS, Loader, and NS. boot2 has access but doesn't use it.

ILocationResolver

This is "nn::lr::ILocationResolver".

Cmd Name Arguments Notes
0 GetProgramNcaPath u64 TID + C descriptor Used for NCA-type1.
1 SetProgramNcaPath u64 TID + X descriptor ContentPath Used for NCA-type1.
2 GetUserControlNcaPath u64 TID + C descriptor Used for NCA-type3 (gamecard only?).
3 GetDocHtmlNcaPath u64 TID + C descriptor Used for NCA-type4.
4 GetControlNcaPath u64 TID + C descriptor Used for NCA-type3. Stubbed, only returns error 0x608.
5 SetControlNcaPath u64 TID + X descriptor ContentPath Used for NCA-type3.
6 SetDocHtmlNcaPath u64 TID + X descriptor ContentPath Used for NCA-type4.
7 GetInfoHtmlNcaPath u64 TID + C descriptor Used for NCA-type5.
8 SetInfoHtmlNcaPath u64 TID + X descriptor ContentPath Used for NCA-type5.
9 ClearLocationResolver None Clears all NCA paths set.

These get-commands load the ContentPath from linked-lists in memory using the input titleID. The set-commands add a new entry to the list, if a matching entry is found it's removed first. ClearLocationResolver frees all entries in all of these linked-lists. The ContentPath is only used with memcpy() here with size=0x300, nothing more.

The set commands always return 0. When the get-commands fail to find an entry for the specified titleID, 0x408 is returned for GetProgramNcaPath, while the rest of the commands return 0xA08.

IRegisteredLocationResolver

This is "nn::lr::IRegisteredLocationResolver".

This works like #ILocationResolver, but only two types of NCA paths can be gotten/set. In addition, each type has a fallback path that can be set for a single title ID at a time.

Cmd Name Arguments Notes
0 GetPatchType0NcaPath u64 TID + C descriptor Used for NCA-type1.
1 RegisterPatchType0FallbackPath u64 TID + X descriptor ContentPath Sets the Type 0 fallback TID and path to the provided arguments.
2 UnregisterPatchType0FallbackPath u64 TID If the Type 0 fallback TID is == argument TID, unregisters the fallback path. Otherwise, noop.
3 SetPatchType0NcaPath u64 TID + X descriptor ContentPath
(2.0.0+) 4 GetPatchType1NcaPath u64 TID + C descriptor
(2.0.0+) 5 RegisterPatchType1FallbackPath u64 TID + X descriptor ContentPath Sets the Type 1 fallback TID and path to the provided arguments.
(2.0.0+) 6 UnregisterPatchType1FallbackPath u64 TID If the Type 1 fallback TID is == argument TID, unregisters the fallback path. Otherwise, noop.
(2.0.0+) 7 SetPatchType1NcaPath u64 TID + X descriptor ContentPath

IAddOnContentLocationResolver

This is "nn::lr::IAddOnContentLocationResolver".

Cmd Name Arguments Notes
0 GetAddOnContentNcaPath u64 TID + C descriptor
1 RegisterAddOnContent StorageID + u64 TID
2 ClearAddOnContentLocationResolver None Clears all registered titles here.

Content Manager services

ncm

This is "nn::ncm::IContentManager".

Cmd Name Notes
0 CreatePlaceholderAndRegisteredDirectoriesForMediaId Takes a StorageID.
1 CreateSaveDataDirectoryForMediaId Takes a StorageID.
2 GetExistsPlaceholderAndRegisteredDirectoriesForMediaId Takes a StorageID.
3 GetExistsSaveDataDirectoryForMediaId Takes a StorageID.
4 GetIContentStorage Takes a StorageID, (2.0.0+) Only returns a storage if one has previously been opened globally via OpenIContentStorage.
5 GetIContentMetaDatabase Takes a StorageID, (2.0.0+) Only returns a storage if one has previously been opened globally via OpenIContentStorage.
(1.0.0) 6 CloseAndLockIContentStorage Takes a StorageID. Calls IContentStorage->CloseAndFlushStorage().
(1.0.0) 7 CloseAndLockIContentMetaDatabase Takes a StorageID. Calls IContentMetaDatabase->CloseMetaDatabase().
8 DeleteSaveDataForMediaId Takes a StorageID, and deletes the associated savedata.
(2.0.0+) 9 OpenIContentStorage Takes a StorageID, and opens an IContentStorage for the StorageID to be gotten with GetIContentStorage.
(2.0.0+) 10 CloseIContentStorage Takes a StorageID, and closes the associated IContentStorage.
(2.0.0+) 11 OpenIContentMetaDatabase Takes a StorageID, and opens an IContentMetaDatabase for the StorageID to be gotten with GetIContentMetaDatabase.
(2.0.0+) 12 CloseIContentMetaDatabase Takes a StorageID, and closes the associated IContentMetaDatabase.


IContentStorage

This is "nn::ncm::IContentStorage".

Cmd Name Notes
0 #GetUUID Returns a random UUID for the Content Storage.
1 CreatePlaceholderEntryAndRegisteredDirectoryEntry Takes two #NcaIDs, and a u64 filesize.
2 DeletePlaceholderEntry Takes a #NcaID.
3 DoesPlaceholderEntryExist Takes a #NcaID.
4 WritePlaceholderEntry Takes a #NcaID, a u64-offset, and type 5 buffer. Writes the buffer to the file for the NcaID's placeholder path at the specified offset.
5 MovePlaceholderToRegistered Takes two #NcaIDs, moves the Placeholder NCA content to the registered NCA path.
6 DeleteRegisteredEntry Takes a #NcaID.
7 DoesRegisteredEntryExist Takes a #NcaID.
8 GetPathForRegisteredEntry Takes a #NcaID. Returns a Content Path.
9 GetPathForPlaceholderEntry Takes a #NcaID. Returns a Content Path.
10 CleanPlaceholderDirectory Deletes and re-creates the Placeholder directory.
11 GetNumberOfPlacholderEntries This is like #GetNumberOfRegisteredEntries, but for the Placeholder directory.
12 #GetNumberOfRegisteredEntries
13 #GetRegisteredEntries
14 #GetRegisteredEntrySize
15 CloseAndFlushStorage Closes/Flushes all resources for the storage, and causes all future IPC commands to the current session to return error 0xC805.
16 CreatePlaceholderEntryRegisteredEntryAndRegisteredDirectoryEntry Takes three 0x10-sized #NcaIDs. Creates the registered directory NCA path, and renames the placeholder path to the registered NCA path.
17 SetPlaceholderEntrySize Takes a #NcaID, and a u64 size
18 #ReadRegisteredEntryRaw
19 GetPlaceholderEntryRightsID Gets the Rights ID for the #NcaID's placeholder path.
20 GetRegisteredEntryRightsID Gets the Rights ID for the #NcaID's registered path
21 WriteRegisteredPathForDebug Takes a #NcaID, a u64 offset, and a type 5 buffer. On debug units, writes the buffer to the NCA's registered path. On retail units, this just aborts.
22 GetFreeSpace Gets free space for the storage.
23 GetTotalSpace Gets total space for the storage.
24 FlushStorage Flushes resources for the storage without closing it.

GetUUID

Calls nn::util::GenerateUuid(), which internally calls nn::os::GenerateRandomBytes(16);

GetNumberOfRegisteredEntries

Writes the total number of entries which can be read by GetEntries, to cmdreply <SFCO_offset>+0x10.

GetRegisteredEntries

Takes an output buffer, u32 offset and gets all entries starting at that offset. Returns number of entries read.

Each entry is a #NcaID.

The total read entries is exactly the same as the number of "<hex>.nca" directories in the storage FS(or at least under the "registered" directory?).

GetRegisteredEntrySize

Takes a #NcaID as input.

Returns the total size readable by ReadEntryRaw. This is the same as the size-field in the NAX0 "<NcaID>.nca/00" file.

ReadRegisteredEntryRaw

Takes an output buffer, a #NcaID as input, and a u64 file offset.

Reads plaintext NCA file contents from the Registered path for the NcaID.

IContentMetaDatabase

This is "nn::ncm::IContentMetaDatabase".

Note the official name for Meta Record is "ContentMetaKey".

Cmd Name Notes
0 InsertEntryContentRecords Takes a Meta Record, a type-5 Content Records buffer and a u64 size.
1 ReadEntryContentRecords Takes a Meta Record, a type-6 buffer to write Content Records to and a u64 size. Returns the actual Content Records size read.
2 RemoveEntryContentRecords Takes a Meta Record, and removes the associated record.
3 GetEntryContentNcaId Takes a Meta Record and a u8 Title Type. Returns a #NcaID.
4 ReadEntryContentRecordEntries Takes a type-6 buffer to write Content Record entries to, a Meta Record, and a u32 index into the Content Record entries to start copying from. Returns a u32 entries_read.
5 List Takes a type-6 buffer to write Meta Records to, a u32 Title Type, a u64 TID, a u64 TID_LOW, and u64 TID_HIGH. Writes into the buffer all Meta Records with low <= record->title_id <= high, and record->type == type. Additionally requires record->title_id == TID, if record->type is Application, Patch, Add-On, or Delta.
6 GetMetaRecord Takes a u64 title id, and returns the Meta Record with the highest version field for that title id.
7 #ListApplication
8 IsEntryPresent Takes a Meta Record and returns whether that record is present in the database.
9 AreEntriesPresent Takes a type-5 buffer containing Meta Records (code assumes there are size/sizeof(meta_record) records in the buffer), and returns whether all of those records are present in the database.
10 GetEntryContentRecordsSize Takes a Meta Record, and returns the size of the associated Content Records.
11 GetEntryUnknownRecordSize Takes a Meta Record, and returns u32 from ContentRecords + 16 (only if the Meta record has type Application or Patch).
12 GetEntryUpdateTitleId Takes a Meta Record, and returns the update title id for that record.
13 CloseMetaDatabase Closes the meta database, and causes all future IPC commands to the current session to return error 0xDC05.
14 #CheckNcaIDsPresent Takes a type-6 byte buffer, and a type-5 buffer of #NcaIDs.
15 SaveMetaDatabase Flushes the in-memory database to savedata.
16 CheckEntryHasNcaId Takes a Meta Record and an #NcaID. Returns whether the content records for that meta record contain the NcaID.
17 ReadEntryMetaRecords Takes a type-6 Meta Record output buffer, a u32 eoffset into that buffer, and an input Meta Record.
18 GetEntryUnknown6 Takes a Meta Record, and returns u8 from ContentRecords + 6.
19 GetAddOnContentEntryUnknownRecordSize Does the same thing as GetEntryUnknownRecordSize, but for AddOnContents.


ListApplication

Each 24-byte entry (officially "ApplicationContentMetaKey") is as follows:

 meta_record meta_record;
 u64    base_title_id;

This function takes in a type 6 buffer to write entries to, and a u8 "filter" type. If filter is zero, all update records will be copied to to the output buffer (space permitting). Otherwise, only titles with type == filter_type will be copied to the output buffer.

This func returns a u32 num_entries_written, and a u32 num_entries_total.


ReadEntryMetaRecords

Takes a type-6 Meta Record output buffer, a u32 eoffset into that buffer, and an input Meta Record entry. Returns a u32 for total_read_entries.

Reads the meta records stored in the entry's content records into the output buffer.

This is used, for example, with System Update title 0100000000000816, which contains Meta Records for all other systitles in its Content Records.


CheckEntryNcaIDsPresent

Takes a type-6 byte buffer, and a type-5 buffer containing #NcaIDs.

This function was stubbed to return 0xDC05 in 2.0.0.

On 1.0.0: Initialized the output buffer to all 1s. Then, for each #NcaID in the input buffer, it checks if that NcaID is present anywhere in the database, and if so writes 0 to the corresponding output byte.

In pseudocode, the function basically does the following:

for i in range(len(out_buf)):

   out_buf[i] = 1

for i, NcaID in NcaIDs:

   if is_present_in_database(NcaID):
       out_buf[i] = 0


NcaID

This is a 0x10-byte entry. This is originally from the hex portion of "<hex>.nca" directory-names from this storage FS(like SD).

The NcaID is the same as the first 0x10-bytes from the calculated SHA256 hash, from hashing the entire output from ReadEntryRaw.

Enums

Title Types

Value Description
0x01 System Programs (System Modules or System Applets)
0x02 System Data Archives
0x03 System Update
0x04 Firmware package A
0x05 Firmware package B
0x80 Regular application
0x81 Update title
0x82 Add-on content
0x83 Delta title

ncm:v

This service doesn't normally exist on retail.