IPC Marshalling

From Nintendo Switch Brew
Jump to: navigation, search

IPC Command Structure

This is an array of u32's, usually located in Thread Local Storage.

Word Bits Description
0 15-0 Type. 4=Request, 5=Control
0 19-16 Number of buf X descriptors (each: 2 words).
0 23-20 Number of buf A descriptors (each: 3 words).
0 27-24 Number of buf B descriptors (each: 3 words).
0 31-28 Number of buf W desciptors (each: 3 words), never observed.
1 9-0 Size of raw data section in u32s.
1 13-10 Flags for buf C descriptor.
1 31 Enable handle descriptor.
... Handle descriptor, if enabled.
... Buf X descriptors, each one 2 words.
... Buf A descriptors, each one 3 words.
... Buf B descriptors, each one 3 words.
... Type W descriptors, each one 3 words.
... Raw data section (including padding before and after aligned data section).
... Buf C descriptors, each one 2 words.

Handle descriptor

There can only be one of this descriptor type. It is enabled by bit31 of the second word.

Word Bits Description
0 0 Send current PID.
0 4-1 Number of handles to copy
0 8-5 Number of handles to move
... 8-byte PID if enabled
... Handles to copy
... Handles to move

Buffer descriptor X "Pointer"

This one is packed even worse than A, they inserted the bit38-36 of the address on top of the counter field.

Officially, the counter is known as "receive index". This one writes to the buffer described in the ReceiveList.

Word Bits Description
0 5-0 Bits 5-0 of counter.
0 8-6 Bit 38-36 of address.
0 11-9 Bits 11-9 of counter.
0 15-12 Bit 35-32 of address.
0 31-16 Size
1 Lower 32-bits of address.

Buffer descriptor A/B/W "Send"/"Receive"/"Exchange"

This packing is so unnecessarily complex.

Word Bits Description
0 Lower 32-bits of size.
1 Lower 32-bits of address.
2 1-0 Flags. Always set to 1 or 3.
2 4-2 Bit 38-36 of address.
2 27-24 Bit 35-32 of size.
2 31-28 Bit 35-32 of address.

Buffer descriptor C "ReceiveList"

There's a 4-bit flag in the main header controlling the behavior of C descriptors.

If it has value 0, the C descriptor functionality is disabled. If it has value 1, there is no C descriptor. If it has value 2, there is a single C descriptor.

Otherwise it has (flag-2) C descriptors.

Word Bits Description
0 Lower 32-bits of address.
1 15-0 Rest of address.
1 31-16 Size

Raw data section

Word Description
... Padding to align to 16 bytes.
... If sent to an object domain, a domain message, otherwise a data payload
... Padding

The total amount of padding within the raw data section is always 0x10 bytes. This means that if no padding is required before the message, there will be 0x10 bytes of padding after the message (before the C descriptors). The length of the message can be calculated as the length of the raw data section - 0x10 bytes,

Domain message

This header is used to wrap up requests sent to domains instead of sessions.

Word Bits Description
0 7-0 Command. 1=send message, 2=close virtual handle
0 31-16 Length of data payload in bytes.
1 Object ID (from cmd 0 in Control).
2 Padding to align to u64
3
4... Data payload

Data payload

This is an array of u32's, but individual parameters are generally stored as u64's.

Word Description
0 Magic ("SFCI" for requests, "SFCO" for responses) as u64.
2 Command id as u64 for requests, error code as u64 for responses.
4... Input parameters or return values

Official marshalling code

The official marshalling function takes an array of (buf_ptr, size) pairs and a type-field for each such pair.

Bitmask 0x10 seems to indicate null-terminated strings, but that flag is ignored by the marshalling code.

Type Mask Description Direction
4 + 1 Creates a A descriptor with flags=0. In
0x40 + 4 + 1 Creates a A descriptor with flags=1. In
0x80 + 4 + 1 Creates a A descriptor with flags=3. In
4 + 2 Creates a B descriptor with flags=0. Out
0x40 + 4 + 2 Creates a B descriptor with flags=1. Out
0x80 + 4 + 2 Creates a B descriptor with flags=3. Out
8 + 1 Creates an X descriptor In
8 + 2 Creates a C descriptor, and writes the u16 size to an offset into raw data. Out
0x10 + 8 + 2 Creates a C descriptor Out
0x20 + 1 Creates both an A and X descriptor In
0x20 + 2 Creates both an B and C descriptor Out

For types 0x21, 0x22 if size doesn't fit in u16, it's added to a list. Some magic shit happens to that list.

Official IPC Cmd Structure

Official struct that is stored for each IPC command. It contains precalculated offsets for different portions of the command structure.

All offsets are given is in number of u32 words.

struct IpcCmdStruct {
  u8  unk0;
  u8  has_handle_descriptor;
  u8  pad0[2];
  u32 cmd0;
  u32 cmd1;
  u32 offset_handle_descriptor;
  u32 pad1;
  u32 offset_handles;          
  u32 pad2;
  u32 offset_x_descriptors;
  u32 offset_a_descriptors;
  u32 offset_b_descriptors;
  u32 offset_w_descriptors; /* this is a guess */
  u32 offset_raw_data;
  u32 offset_c_descriptors;
  u32 unk2;
  u32 unk3;
}

Control

When type == 5 you are talking to the IPC manager.

Cmd Name
0 ConvertSessionToDomain
2 DuplicateSession
3 QueryPointerBufferSize
4 DuplicateSessionEx